Vicenza is the capital of its province, and is situated at the northern slopes of the Monti Berici, along the Bacchiglione river, approximately 60 km west of Venice and 200 km east of Milan. Because of the exceptional artistic achievement and the many architectural contributions of Andrea Palladio, along with the Palladian Villas of Veneto the city was included in 1994 as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
- Altitude: 39 m a.s.l
- Population: about 115,000 inhabitants in 2011
- Zip/postal code: 36100
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0444
- Patron Saint: Madonna di Monte Berico, celebrated on 8 September, San Vincenzo from Saragozza clebrated on 22 January.
Follow Italy Heritage on Facebook
- Centro storico (Historical centre) consisting of
» the originary core of the city, surrounded by medieval walls, built between the 10th and 12th centuries
» the surrounding 14th century villages of San Pietro and Porta Nova enclosed by the Scaliger walls;
» the 15th century villages of Pusterla (San Marco) and Berga included within the Venetian fortifications, walls and ditches.
- The "quartieri" that rose on the outskirts of the historic center in the 18th and 19th centuries just outside the walls and along the main roads out of Vicenza, and others built in the second half of the 20th century.
» the Quartieri orientali (Eastern quarters): Araceli, San Francesco - Parco Città, Sant'Andrea, San Pio X, Stanga
» the Quartieri meridionali (Southern quarters) Monte Berico, Borgo Berga, Gogna, Riviera Berica
» the Quartieri occidentali (Western quarters) Ferrovieri, San Lazzaro - Pomari, San Giuseppe - Mercato Nuovo, Cattane
» the Quartieri settentrionali (Northern quarters) Santa Croce - Viale Pasubio, Villaggio del Sole, San Bortolo, San Paolo, Laghetto, Saviabona
- The Frazioni, hamlets and villages that existed before the 20th century and developed along the roads out of the city within 5-6 km, which became fully included in the conurbation
» along road SS 53 Postumia: Anconetta, Ospedaletto
» along road SP 248 "Schiavonesca-Marosticana": Polegge
» along road S.R. 11 "Padana Superiore" (towards Padua): Bertesina, Bertesinella, Settecà
» along the left bank of the Bacchiglione: Casale, San Pietro Intrigogna
» along road S.P. 247 Riviera Berica: Campedello, Lòngara, Santa Croce Bigolina, Tormeno, Debba
» along road SS 11 Padana superiore (towards Verona): Sant'Agostino, Ponte Alto, Olmo di Vicenza
» along road SS 46 Pasubio: Maddalenei
Economy and Tourism
The city has an active and lively industrial sector, which is especially famous for jewelry and clothing factories. The Gold Exposition is world-famous and takes place in Vicenza three times per year (January, June, September).
It is the native place of late-Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio (1518-1580), who designed many buildings in the city, in Veneto and other areas, and is therefore a destination for cultural tourism with visitors from all over Italy and abroad.
Vicenza an ancient Roman municipium with the name of "Vicetia" but in Roman times was overshadowed by its neighbor Patavium (Padua)and in medieval times by Venice In the 5th century, first Alaric then Attila laid it waste, and later Vicenza became the seat of one of the dozens of Lombard dukes, then in the 8th century of a Frankish count. The independent commune with an oligarchic republican political structure was conquered in 1311 by the Scaligeri lords of Verona, who fortified it against the Visconti of Milan. Vicenza gave itself to the protection of Venice in 1405.
What to see
- Roman monuments: three of the bridges across the Bacchiglione and Retrone are of Roman origin, and isolated arches of the Roman aqueduct exist outside Porta Santa Croce.
- Many buildings by Palladio: the summer house called Villa Capra "La Rotonda", located just outside the downtown area; the public building Basilica Palladiana, centrally located in Vicenza's Piazza dei Signori, of which Palladio himself said that it might stand comparison with any similar work of antiquity; and the Teatro Olimpico.
- Palladio also designed several palazzi for families in the city, most notably the Palazzo Chiericati, home of Vicenza's museum, and the Palazzo Barbarano.