Peschiera del Garda, Province of Verona, Veneto
- Altitude: 68 m a.s.l
- Population: about 8,000 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 37019
- Dialing Area Code: +39 045
- Patron Saint: St. Martino, celebrated on 11 November
- Frazioni & Localities: Broglie, Dolci, San Benedetto di Lugana.
History - Antiquity
In Roman times there was vicus named Arilica, described by Plinius the Elder for its wealth of fish, which probably gave rise to the town's coatofarms, two eels with a gold star. At the time of the Barbarian invasions, Pope Leo I stopped here Attila in 492.
History - The Middle Ages
In 1815 the congress of Vienna delivered Peschiera to the Austrian Empire, who turned it into one of the four corners of a strategic system of defence. In 1866 it was included in the Kingdom of Italy.
What to see
- Sanctuary of the Madonna del Frassino, built on the spot where a local peasant, Bartolomeo Broglia saw a statue of the Virgin Mary appear on 11 may 1510 among the branches of a tree. A year later Robert Stuart, son of James Stuart of Scotland, placed the first stone to build the sanctuary. It contains a great number of works of art, 2 paintings by Paolo Farinati, 12 by Bertanza from Salò, a painting by Zeno from Veronaand 4 by Muttoni the Young, as well as a wealth of frescoes, and a fine wood-carved choir of 1652.
- From 1549 the town was surrounded with defensive walls, following a plan design by Guidobaldo della Rovere, and later Michele Sammicheli and Anton Maria Lorgna. The wall system is an example of military architeture among the most complex in Italy, with the further feature of being surrounded by waters.