Terni, Province of Terni, Umbria
- Altitude: 130 m a.s.l
- Population: about 111,000 inhabitants in 2017
- Zip/postal code: 05100
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0744
- Patron Saint: St. Valentino , celebrated on 14 February
- Demonym: ternani
History - Antiquity and Middle Ages
After the Lombard conquest in 755 Terni lost prominence and was reduced to a secondary town in the Duchy of Spoleto. In 1174 it was destroyed by Frederick Barbarossa's army. In the following century Terni was one of the favourite seat of St. Francis' preaching.
In the 14th century Terni issued a constitution of its own and was the theater of inner disputes between Guelphs and Ghibellines, and later between the two parties of Nobili and Banderari, until it was included in the Church State.
History - Modern Times
The presence of a strong industries concentration made it a favourite target for the Allied bombardments in World War II, totalling 108 raids.
What to see
- The Roman amphitheater, once capable of 10,000 spectators, built in 32 BC.
- The small Roman gate of Porta Sant'Angelo, one of the four ancient entrances to the city.
- The Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta (17th century). Built over one of the most ancient Christian temples of the city, it has today Baroque lines. In the interior is one organ designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The façade has two medieval gates, one with the profile of a sabot once used to measure the citizen's shoes so that they would not exceed a fixed limit of decency.