Spoleto, Province of Perugia, Umbria
- Altitude: 396 m a.s.l
- Population: about 38,000 inhabitants in 2017
- Zip/postal code: 06049
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0743
- Patron Saint: St. Ponziano, celebrated on 14th January
- Demonym: Spoletini
- Frazioni & Localities: 63
History - Antiquity
The foundation of the episcopal see dates from the 4th century. Owing to its elevated position Spoleto was an important stronghold during the Vandal and Gothic wars; its walls were dismantled by Totila.
History - the Middle Ages and Modern Times
During the absence of the papal court in Avignon, it was prey to the struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines, until in 1354 Cardinal Albornoz brought it once more under the authority of the Papal States.
In 1809 it became capital of the short-lived French department of Trasimène, returning to the Papal State within five years. In 1860, after a gallant defence, Spoleto was taken by the troops fighting for the unification of Italy.
Events and Festivities
- The Spoleto Festival dei Due Mondi, usually held in July, has developed into the most important cultural event in Umbria, with a three-week schedule of music, theater and dance performances. In 1958, because Spoleto was at the time small and relatively inexpensive, yet fairly close to Rome with good rail connections, it was chosen by Gian-Carlo Menotti as the venue for an arts festival which has made the town internationally famous.