Gubbio, Province of Perugia, Umbria
Gubbio is a town in the far, northeastern part of the province of Perugia, on the slope of Mt. Ingino. The historical center is a truly medieval-looking town of dark grey stone, narrow streets, and Gothic architecture.
- Altitude: 522 m a.s.l
- Population: about 31,000 inhabitants in 2017
- Zip/postal code: 06024
- Dialing Area Code: +39 075
- Patron Saint: St. Ubaldo, celebrated on 16 May
- Demonym: eugubini
- Frazioni & Localities: 104 frazioni
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The city's origins are very ancient: as Ikuvium, it was an important town of the ancient Umbrian people in pre-Roman times, and is famous for the discovery there of the Eugubine (or Iguvine) Tables. After the Roman conquest in the 2nd century BC it was known as Iguvium and was an important center, as shown by its Roman theater, the second-largest surviving in the world.
- Gubbio is famous for the Corsa dei Ceri, one of the best-known folklore events in Italy, a spectacular race held every year on May 15, in which three teams, devoted to Sant'Ubaldo (the patron saint of Gubbio), San Giorgio, and Sant'Antonio, run clad in the distinctive colours of yellow, blue and black, with white trousers and red belts and neckbands, up the mountain from the main square in front of the Palazzo dei Consoli to the basilica of Sant'Ubaldo, each team carrying a statue of their saint mounted on a wooden octagonal prism, 16 feet high and weighing over 900 pounds; the Ceri were also chosen as the coat of arms of the Umbria region.
What to see
- The Roman Theater
- A Roman Mausoleum, possibly the sepulchre of Pomponius Graecinus
- The Palazzo dei Consoli, housing the museum with the Eugubine Tables, a series of seven bronze tablets discovered in the place in the year 1444, the largest surviving text in ancient Umbrian. The earliest tablets were probably written in the 3rd century BC in the native Umbrian alphabet, the latest in the 1st century BC in the Latin alphabet. The tablets contain religious inscriptions that memorialize the acts and rites of the Atiedian Brethren, a group of 12 priests of Jupiter with important municipal functions at the ancient Iguvium.
- The church of San Francesco .
- The Historical Centre, with fair number of the houses, built in the 14th and 15th centuries, that were originally the dwellings of wealthy merchants, and are typical for having a second front door on the street, narrower, foot or so above the actual street level, called a "porta dei morti" (door of the dead) because it was used only for removing the bodies of any who might have died inside the house.