Foligno, Province of Perugia, Umbria
- Population: about 52,000 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 06034
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0742
- Demonym: folignati or fulignati
- Patron Saint: St. Feliciano Vescovo e Martire, Santa Messalina, Madonna del Pianto
- Frazioni & Localities: 127 frazioni
It was governed by the Trinci family as deputies of the Holy See from 1305 to 1439: in that year one of its members went against the church and Pope Eugene IV sent a force against Foligno, to which the inhabitants opened their gates, and the last of the Trinci, Corrado II, was beheaded. Henceforth Foligno belonged to the Papal States until 1860.
Because of this key communication importance, it was severely bombed in World War II, and the following reconstruction explains its relatively modern aspect, although some medieval monuments survive to our days. It has suffered from several major earthquakes, among them those of 1832 and 1997.
What to see
- The abbey of Sassovivo, 5 km (3 mi) to the East, with cloisters of 1229 with pairs of small columns supporting arches, and Cosmatesque decorations.
- The church of Santa Maria infra Portas, the oldest church in town, dates to the 11th century
- The Duomo, originally in the Romanesque style, but the interior completely reworked in the 18th century.
- In mid September the Giostra della Quintana, where 10 knights, one from each district, charge a shape representing a medieval soldier trying to insert their lances through a small ring hanging from the soldier's right hand. The event is surrounded by medieval shows and a market fair on the Sunday before the joust. The present Joust was introduced in 1946 as a re-enactement of a tournament held in 1613, when a number of knights duelled to establish which of two ideals of chivalry was more powerful: loyalty to the lord or to the beloved lady.