The Provinces of Umbria
For thousands of years the Umbrian region has had a crucial strategic role for its location halfway between the Tyrrhenian and Adriatic, the proximity to Rome and the powerful states of Tuscany and Marche, which explains why each city or hamlet are perched on top of hills and mountains for better defense.
History - Antiquity
With the barbarian invasions and the destruction that followed the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD, the region shared the destiny of great part of Italy: the beautiful flourishing cities were plundered and destroyed, the population took refuge in the mountains.
The Middle Ages
Then in the late 8th century the Lombards were defeated by the Franks, though Spoleto maintained its dominant position in central Italy still for centuries. The rise of the Communes brought along intestine wars in Perugia and Assisi, and then coalitions against the Emperors Frederick I and Frederick II.
The Renaissance and Modern Times
Industry is especially connected to the electrical power plants and steel mills in the province of Terni. Renowned ceramic production is flourishing in Deruta, Gubbio and Orvieto. Thanks to the temperate climate, the beautiful landscapes and the religious, cultural and artistic wealth of many cities like Assisi, Gubbio, Spoleto, Perugia, tourism is also an important resource.