Bolzano - Bozen, Province of Bolzano, Trentino-Alto Adige
- Population: about 107,000 inhabitants in 2018
- Zip/postal code: 39100
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0471
- Patron Saint: Maria Assunta, celebrated on 15 August, St. Arrigo from Bolzano on the monday after Pentecost
- Demonym: bolzanini
- Frazioni & Localities: Bolzano has no Frazioni, but is divided into 5 "circoscrizioni (districts), Centro-Piani-Rencio (Zentrum-Bozner Boden-Rentsch), Oltrisarco-Aslago (Oberau-Haslach), Europa-Novacella (Europa-Neustift), Don Bosco (Don Bosco-Neugries), Gries-S.Quirino (Gries-Quirein).
History - Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Four times a year a market was held and traders came from the south and the north. Every market season two German and Italian officers (appointed by the traders who operated there) worked in this office. The city was a cultural crosspoint at that time.
History - The 20th Century
After World War II ethnic tensions resurfaced, culminating in a wave of terrorist acts during the 1960's. After the implementation of a treaty between Italy and Austria, the province of Bolzano was given wide autonomy from the central Italian government and ethnic clashes have subsided.