Pieve Fosciana, Province of Lucca, Tuscany

This smallcentre is rich in history and tradition, and privileged by fine natural landscapes; the primary activity of the population was agriculture.


  • Altitude: m a.s.l
  • Population: about inhabitants
  • Zip/postal code:
  • Dialing Area Code: +39
  • Patron Saint:

Demographics - Number of Inhabitants in Census Years

1861: 2566
1871: 2852
1881: 2941
1901: 2591
1911: 2950
1921: 2861
1931: 3004
1936: 2911
1951: 2999
1961: 2754
1971: 2492
1981: 2501
1991: 2440
2001: 2367
2011: 2418
2021: 2263


The territory of Pieve Fosciana preserves prehistoric traces dating back to the Neolithic, and archaeological findings confirm the existence of settlements in Roman times. The name of the locality probably derives from the compound "pieve", with reference to an ancient church, and from the Latin name Fuscianus, to which it probably belonged. At the fall of the Roman Empire the territory was abandoned due to the barbarian invasions, only to be repopulated again during the Early Middle Ages. A document from 764 reports the name of one Gunduald of Lombard origin, who is said to have built the church of Santa Maria di Campori.

In the Middle Ages the town had considerable importance thanks to its parish which was the only building in Garfagnana where baptism could be administered. In the early 15th century a Franciscan preacher, the Blessed from Piegaro, was authorized by Pope Eugene IV to found two Franciscan convents in Garfagnana, one near Barga and another in Pieve Fosciana. Surrounded by an aura of sanctity, Ercolano died in 1451 in the convent of San Francesco "ai Frati", and his relics are still preserved in the church of Pieve.

Between the 12th and 15th centuries Pieve Fosciana was annexed to the Estensi Duchy of Modena, and remained so until the Napoleonic invasion. In 1814 it returned to the Este family until its annexation to the Kingdom of Italy in 1861. However, already in 1831 the tricolor flag was displayed in the town, the first time in Tuscany. At the end of the Second World War, Pieve Fosciana was in the immediate rear of the Gothic Line, suffering artillery and air bombings for seven months, until on April 20, 1945 was finally freed.

What to see

  • The parish church of San Giovanni Battista, founded according to legend by Duchess Matilde of Tuscany. The original building is mentioned in a document of 764, and preserves the stone immersion baptismal font from that period.
  • About 300 meters from the town center is Lake Prà di Lama

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Provinces of Tuscany
Toscana region
Surnames in the Provinces of Toscana