Enna, Province of Enna, Sicilia
The town, an important agricultural center, is located in the center of Sicily, towering above the surrounding countryside, and is well connected through the autostrada A19. It has the nicknames of "belvedere" (viewpoint) and "ombelico" (navel) of Sicily, because of its height and the central position in the island.
- Altitude: 931 m a.s.l
- Population: about 27,000 inhabitants in 2010
- Zip/postal code: 94100
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0935
- Patron Saint: Santa Maria della Visitazione, celebrated on 2 July
- Frazioni & Localities: Arcera, Borgo Cascino, Bruchito, Calderai, Cooperativa Giove, Geracello, Geraci, Girgia, Granci, Pergusa, Pizzuto, Ramata, Risicallà, Rossi, Rossi Sibbione, San Cataldo, San Giovanni, Sant'Antonino, Scioltabino, Stazione di Enna.
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Provinces of Sicily
The colony of Henna was founded on this high plateau in 664 BC by colonists from Gela eager to exploit the area's agricultural resources. In 397 BC the town fell to Dionysius of Syracuse and it remained in Syracusan hands until the 3rd century BC when it entered the orbit of Roman power. In 859 AD it was the turn of the Saracens, who had to sneak in one by one through a swer to breach the town's strong defenses. The name was then altered into Castrogiovanni, by which it was known until 1927, when it was changed back to Enna.
What to see
- Museo Archeologico
- Palazzo Varisano
- Rocca di Cerere: remains of the ancient temple
- The Museo Alessi.
- The Palazzo Pollicanni, 15th century, with gothic and baroque elements.
- The Castello di Lombardia, 13th century, built by Frederick II on the site of a previous Arab stronghold. Today only six remain of the original 20 towers placed around the walls. Inside there were courtyards, one of which, the Cortile degli Armati, is today used as an open-air theatre; in the Cortile di San Martino there are remains of Frederick II's residence. From the Torre Pisana, the best preserved and the highest of the towers, the visitors can get a spectacular, unique view of the whole island of Sicily.