Caltanissetta, Province of Caltanissetta, Sicilia
Caltanissetta, one of the largest communes in the island, is located on the western interior of Sicily, an area of rolling hills with small villages and towns.
- Altitude: 568 m a.s.l
- Population: about 60,000 inhabitants (called nisseni)
- Zip/postal code: 93100
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0934
- Patron Saint: St. Michele Arcangelo, celebrated on 29 September; the "Cristo Nero" on Good Friday
- Frazioni & Localities: Borgo Petilia, Borgo Canicassè Casale, Cozzo di Naro, Favarella, Prestianni, Villaggio Santa Barbara, Santa Rita, Bifaria, Xirbi
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Provinces of Sicily
Originally a Saracen settlement, it was captured by the Normans in 1086. A charter was granted to the town in accordance with Count Roger's plan for the urbanisation of Sicily and the urban plan that is still in evidence today was laid out.
What to see
- The ruins of the Castello di Pietrarossa to the west of Caltanissetta
- The Museo Archeologico, which holds displays from mostly prehistoric times and include finds from excavations conducted int the 1950's, including vases and tools from the Bronze Age and early Sicilian ceramics.
- The 17th-century cathedral, in a late-Renaissance style different from the characteristic Baroque mold of most of the island. Inside are frescoes by Guglielmo Borremans.
- The Museo Mineralogico e Paleontologico della Zolfara.