In ancient times the islands was covered with Mediterranean forests. Today it is cultivated with vegetable, fruit trees, vineyards and olive trees. Not for from Lampeduse is the smaller island of Linosa, and the islet of Lampione. Uncontaminated waters, speek cliffs, giant turtles, the islands are a paradise not only for naturalists, but also an ideal destination for tourists.
Lampedusa, Province of Agrigento, Sicilia
It is the southernmost point in Italy, southwest about 200 km from the coast of Sicily, and belongs to the Isole Pelagie.
- Population: about 5,700 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 92010
- Phone Area Code: 0922
- Patron Saint: Maria Santissima di Porto Salvo, celebrated on 22nd September.
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Provinces of Sicily
It has an elongated form, stretching from Capo Ponente to Punta Sottile for about 10.8 km, with an average of 2 km width for 33 square km. The coastline is mostly steep, apart from the southern and south-eastern side, where the beautiful bay of Porto Lampedusa is located, the area where the population of fisherman and farmers is mostly concentrated.
In ancient times, Lampedusa was inhabited by the Phoenicians, the Greeks, and by the Romans, who used to call the island Lopadusa, but by the end of the Middle Ages it was uninhabited. Just before the middle of the 19th c., King Ferdinand II of Bourbon had it re-colonised.
What to see
- The Santuario della Madonna di Porto Salvo
- The Grottacce (Grottaccia Occidentale e Grottaccia Orientale) grottos and half-hidden bays of crystal water and variety of sealife and corals that make this area a paradise for scuba divers.
- The Grotta di Taccio Vecchio, another underwater grotto.
- The Cala Francese, one of the most typical beaches of Lampedusasituated along the south-eastern coast, and reachable by boat.
- The island of Linosa, that can be reached from Lampedusa in one hour, the other inhabited island of the group, while the small Lampione island is uninhabited and only hosts a lighthouse. Linosa is of volcanic origin, as can be seen from three craters - Monte Rosso, Monte Nero and Monte Vulcano - the lava rocks and the renowned black beach Pozzolana di Levante.