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Sassari, Sardegna

Sassari is the second-largest town in Sardinia and one of the most ancient Sardinian towns, and contains perhaps the best collection of Sardinian art. The dialect spoken at Sassari is not Sardinian, but a Corsican language variety, as in most of the Northern part of the island. The economy is based on the important mineral resources of Nura, wool and meat sheep breeding, fishing, and not least the reclamation and hydropower basins and Tirso Coghinas.

Info

  • Altitude: 225 m a.s.l
  • Population: about 130,000 inhabitants
  • Zip/postal codes: 07100
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 079
  • Patron Saint: San Nicola, celebrated on 6 December
  • Frazioni & Localities: Argentiera, Bancali, Campanedda, Canaglia, Caniga, La Corte, La Landrigga, La Pietraia, Li Punti, Ottava, Palmadula, Platamona, Saccheddu, San Giovanni, Tottubella
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Provinces of Sardegna
Provinces of Sardegna

The Territory

Located along the left bank of a tributary of Fluminimannu, Sassari has a medieval centre dating back to when the city was the capital of the Giudicato of Logudoro, with typical narrow, winding roads.

History

The city rose around 1000 AD on an ancient village by the name of Tàthari, founded by coastal refugees escaping from the frequent raids of barbarians and Turks. During the Middle Ages it was ruled by Mayors and Judges; subsequently it had a form of self-rule but intestine strifes brought it under the influence of Genoa and Pisa. In the 13th century it came under the Aragonese, who ruled with extreme severity, arousing numerous rebellions to liberate the city.

In 1369 it came under the enlightened rule of the dukes of Arborea Mariano IV and his daughter Eleanor, but fell again under the influence of the Aragonese and the Saracens. In 1527 the city was captured and sacked by the Doria and finally the Spaniards who ruled until the early 18th century when the whole of Sardinia came under the Savoy.

History - Modern Times

It is now the center of a major metropolitan area, home to a University of high reputation, especially in Law studies, and its libraries preserve ancient documents, among them the celebrated Carta de Logu (the constitution issued by Giudichessa Eleonora d'Arborea), or the Condaghes, Sardinia's first legal codes and the first documents written in the Sardinian language (11th century).

What to see

  • The Cathedral of St. Nicholas of Myra, dating from the thirteenth century but modified and enlarged in the Catalan Gothic style from the 1480; in the transept the Mausoleum of Placido Benedetto Savoy, the Count of Moriana, is preserved, a neoclassical marble work by Felice Festa (1807)
  • 11 km towards Porto Torres excavations at Mount Accodi, with a pre-nuragic altar of Mesopotamian type, the only one of its kind in the western Mediterranean;
  • 17 km to the south-east along the road to Oschiri stands the 13th century church of the Holy Trinity of Saccarigia.

Where to stay