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Olbia, Sardegna

Olbia (locally "Terranoa" in the Sardinian language), is located along the northeastern coast of Sardinia in the geographic area of Gallura. Called "Olbia" in the Roman age, "Civita" in the Middle Ages (Giudicati period) and "Terranova Pausania" before the 1940s, Olbia was again the official name of the town after the period of Fascism. It is an important economic center and was joint province capital together with Tempio of the new province of "Olbia-Tempio" until 2016.

Info

  • Altitude: 10 m a.s.l
  • Population: about 55,000 inhabitants
  • Zip/postal codes: 07026
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 0789
  • Patron Saint: San Simplicio, celebrated on 15 May
  • Frazioni & Localities: Berchiddeddu, Murta Maria, Pittulongu, Rudalza-Porto Rotondo, San Pantaleo
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Provinces of Sardegna
Provinces of Sardegna

The Territory

Great points of interest are the Golfo Aranci to the north, the Gulf of Marinella and the celebrated Costa Smeralda, the rugged south coast facing the islands of Tavolara and Molara. Olbia is the main connection between Sardinia and the Italian peninsula, with an airport, a passenger port, a railway to Porto Torres and Cagliari, an expressway to Nuoro and Cagliari (SS131) and national roads to Sassari (SS199-E840), Tempio Pausania (SS127), and Palau (SS125).

History

Olbia (the name is of Greek origin) is very ancient and was possibly founded by the Greeks, according to a local legend. It contains ruins from prehistoric times (Phoenician settlement) to the Roman Era, when it was an important port, and the Middle Ages, when it was the capital of the Giudicato of Gallura, one of the four independent states of Sardinia. Also notable is the Romanesque former cathedral of San Simplicio (11th-12th century).

What to see

  • The medieval castle of Pedres.
  • The 13th-century Basilica of San Simplicio in the Romanesque style, outside the walls, built in granite blocks.
  • Many examples of the Nuragic civilization: 3 km from Golfo Aranci the sacred well known as Sa Testa; along the road to Loiri, the megalithic burial or Giants' Tomb called Su Monte 'e s'Ape dating to the early Bronze Age (1600 BC); the nuragic complex of Riu Mulinu at Cabu Abbas, the Nuragic village Belveghile, and various isolated Nuraghi such as the Nuraghe Putzolu, the Mannazzu, Nuraghe Siana near the railway station of Enas, or the Nuraghe Sa Prescione 'e Siana, on a hill overlooking the Olbia plain;
  • The Roman farm S'Imbalconadu (second century BC.)
  • Porto Rotondo, a suburb of Olbia, a privileged tourist destination with good beaches as Ira, Sassi and Punta Volpe, and a well-equipped marina; the resort, started in 1964 by Venetian Luigi and Nicolò Donà dalle Rose, comprises hotels, timeshares, serviced apartments and villas, and hosts as many as 30 thousand visitors in the summer.