Otranto, Province of Lecce, Puglia
- Population: about 5000 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 73028
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0836
In 1480, the Turkish fleet landed nearby and took the city and its fort. The Pope called for a Holy War, with a massive force built up by Ferdinand I of Naples, among them notably troops of Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus, despite frequent Italian quarreling at the time. The Neapolitan force met with the Turks in 1481, thoroughly annihilating them. However, in the two battles, the city was utterly destroyed, and has never since recovered its importance.
What to see
- The Castle, erected by Alphonse I of Aragon.
- The church of San Pietro, with Byzantine frescoes.
- The cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, consecrated in 1088, has a rose window and side portal of 1481. The interior, a basilica with nave and two aisles, contains columns said to come from a temple of Minerva and a fine mosaic pavement of 1166, with interesting representations of the months and Old Testament subjects. It has a crypt supported by 42 marble columns. On 12 august 1480 a Turkish fleet attacked and plundered the town, killing 20,000 inhabitants and taking 800 prisoners. When they refused to abjure the Christian faith, they were all killed in the cathedral, which was then transformed into a mosque. The bones of the martyrs, made saints by the church, are preserved in huge wooden containers.