Troia, Province of Foggia, Puglia
- Altitude: 439 mt a.s.l
- Population: about 8,000 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 71029
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0881
- Patron Saint: SS. Anastasio, Eleuterio, Ponziano, Secondino, Urbano I, celebrated on 19 July.
History - Antiquity
Under the Romans the town was called Aecae and had strong ties with nearby Herdoniae (Ordona), Ausculum (Ascoli Satriano), Arpi (Foggia), Teanum Apulum (San Paolo di Civitate).
History - the Middle Ages
In 1093 Urbano II held a Council in Troia - and two more were held in 1115 by Pope Pascalis II and in 1120 by Pope Callistus II. In 1066 the Trojani made an alliance with the Normans, proclaiming Robert I Guiscardo (1015-1087) as "Holy Count of Troia", and Robert built here his castle and made the town the capital of his dukedom - later changed into kingdom. In 1133 it was destroyed by Roger II of Altavilla, then rebuilt, then sieged again in 1230 by Swabian Emperor Frederick II, who banished the inhabitants for 7 generations, but in 1266 Guido Monforte anuuled the banishment and the town was repopulated.
In 1423 the fiefdom was given to Muzio Attendolo Sforza, who became Count of Troia and his descendants kept the title until 1442 when the town was conquered by Alphonse of Aragona.
History - Modern Times
Events and Festivities
- 19 March, for San Giuseppe in the various quarters bonfires are lit and typical foods prepared, which are offered free to the participants at the celebration
- 17 July: the festivity called Gesta dei Santi Patroni (Saint Urbano, Saint Ponziano, Saint Eleuterio, Saint Anastasio, Saint Secondino), a re-enactement of the transport of the sacred relics made by courageous monks.
- First week of August, "Tra Due Terre", a festival of music and dishes of the Middle Ages
- Troiana Summer, with open-air cinema, concerts and performances in the most fascinating squares of the town.
What to see
- The Cathedral of Beata Maria Vergine Assunta in Cielo, a splendid example of Apulian Romanesque style with influences of Pisan, Byzanthine and Muslim architecture, completed in the 13th century, built on a previous Byzantine church, with decorations in the facade, and bronze doors with engravings. The interior is divided into 3 naves, separated by 13 columns (represented Christ and the Apostles).
- Sanctuary of Madonna Mediatrice
- The Palace of prince D'Avalos
- The church of San Basilio, the most ancient in town, originally a Greek-Orthodox temple; inside also an ancient pagan altar decorated with oxen heads.
- The Municipal museum divided into three sections: archeological and Greek-Roan, Christian and modern art with a collection of works by Nicola Fiore.
- The Museum of the Treasure of the Cathedral occupying over 2000 square meters, hosting a rich collection of sacred art including silver Neapolitan items, vestments, illuminated codes, over 500 parchments and the three famous medieval illuminated Exultet codes.