Fasano, Province of Brindisi, Puglia
Situated among the Murge hills and reaching to the Adriatic Sea, in a territory rich of ancient fortified farms (the so-called "masserie") Fasano appears with the whitewashed color of its trulli against the green of hundred-year-old olive trees. The place is renowned for the presence of the nearby large Zoo-Safari park at Selva di Fasano, the beautiful riviera with the fishing hamlets of Savelletri and Torre Canne with their spa establishments.
- Population: ca. 40,000 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 72015
- Phone Area Code: 080
- Patron Saint: St John the Baptist and Santa Maria di Pozzo Faceto
- Frazioni & Localities: Canale di Pirro, Laureto, Montalbano, Pezze di Greco, Pozzo Faceto, Savelletri, Selva di Fasano, Speziale, Torre Canne, Torre Spaccata.
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The settlement rose as Casale di Santa Maria di Fajano in 1088 as a refuge of the population that were abandoning the ancient Roman port of Egnatia, under the attack of the Saracens and other invaders since the collapse of the Roman Empire. In the 14th century Fasano was a fiefdom of the Knights of Malta, and here on 2 june 1678 the Turks were defeated in a historical battle, according to the legend with an apparition of the Virgin Mary.
- the Scamiciata, on the Saturday before the last weekend in June, a historical re-enactement for the apparition of the Virgin Mary and the victory of the Turks.
What to see
- The historical center, with the many fine palaces and the typical trulli
- near the hamlet of Montalbano a megalithic monument (dolmen) of the bronze age, also called the Tavola del Paladini
- The sanctuary of Santa Maria di Pozzo Faceto, a place of great worship for the local population, where a group of peasants allegedely found while digging for a well an image of the Virgin Mary painted on a rock
- The Olive Oil Museum, at the Masseria Sant'Angelo de' Graecis, a former Benedictine settlements of the 11th century. The musum shows historical tools and procedures of the oil-making tradition
- The archeological site of Egnatia, with remains starting form the ancient Messapian settlement with a necropolis of the 4th century BC, to the Roman town with forum, amphitheatre and sacellum, the via Traiana, a very ancient basilica of the early Christian era.
- The cave settlements at Lama d'Antico and other places, typical of the 11th century AD, originally used for defense iun a period of invasions, with whole villages excavated in the soft rock of the hills
- Fasanolandia, the largest zoo-safari in Italy with 120 hectares of protected areas where over 1000 animals of 40 different species live freely roaming, with attached theme park with dolphin shows, the Mammals Lake, Monkey Village, Tropical Area, Tropicale, fun-fairs, trekking itineraries, pubs and shopping center.