Canosa di Puglia, Province of Barletta Andria Trani, Puglia
- Altitude: a.s.l
- Population: about 30,000 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 70053
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0883 .
History - Antiquity
Founded according to the legend by Diomedes, the legendary Homeric hero, Canosa was considered one of the most important local towns in Daunia first and then in Apulia. It came under the influence of the Hellenic culture and during the 4th Century BC had a Greek-polis town-planning model. The earliest contacts with the Rome date back to 318 BC, when the town signed an alliance treaty with Rome. A Roman Municipium since 88 BC, was reached by the Via Traiana, probably built in 109 AD.