Alberobello, Province of Bari, Puglia
The town is situated on the Morge hills, descending in terraces to the Adriatic, and is famous for the "Trulli" houses, with white walls and grey cone-shaped domes as roofs. For the presence of this unique architectures Alberobello is included among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
- Altitude: 420 a.s.l
- Population: about 10,000 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 70011
- Dialing Area Code: +39 080
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The name of Alberobello derives from "silva arboris belli", which refers to a great forest once existing in this area of Apulia. Its coatofarms is a Samnite shield with an azure background, on which appear an oaktree and a knight fighting agains a lion. The emblem was established on 22 june 1797, when the the feudal system was abolished and the first mayor Francesco d'Amore elected.
What to see
- The Trullo sovrano, the only one on 2 floors.
- The church of Sant'Antonio, built in 1926 in the form of a trullo
- The sanctuary of Santi Cosma and Damiano, built on a previous church in the early 17th century
- The historical center, with the typical quarters called "Aia Piccola" and "Moriti", with many trulli houses. The word trullo comes from the Greek "troullos" meaning dome, and are very ancient constructions, probably already used in prehistoric times, though the material used to build them degrades easily and maybe this is the reason why no archaeological remains of this special type of house were ever found. The most ancient today extant go back to the 16th century. The technique used is to raise in circles a dry structure of stones, closing them as in a dome, usually creating just one large room or adding other smaller locals attached to the main structure. On top of the dome stones where placed horizontally, and closed at top by one stone, which has often also a decorative function. The trulli are classified as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.