Castelmauro, Province of Campobasso, Molise
Previously called Castelluccio Acquaborrana, the town had its origin in the Middle Ages on the slopes of Monte Mauro, amid thick woods of beech trees, along the left bank of the Biferno river.
- Territory: mountainous
- Population: about 2300 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 86031
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0874
- Patron Saint: St. Leonardo, celebrated on November 6.
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In the Middle Ages this small center enjoyed a remarkable importance, thanks to the powerful feudal families of the Cantelmo, D'Evoli and Mormile, who surrounded the place with high walls where only three doors of Castello, Lavaturo and Popolo opened. After the unity of Italy, in the late 19th century, emigration was mostly directed to the Americas, while a true massive exodus took place in the aftermath of the Second World War, especially to the Belgian mining center of Herstal, which is now a twin town with Castelmauro.
What to see
- The Palazzo Cantelmo, 15th-16th century.
- Monte Mauro, whose summit is a favourite destination for excursions, to enjoy a wide view as far as the Lesina Lake and Dalmatian Mountains, on the other side of the Adriatic.
- The Parish Church of San Leonardo, with a fine 18th century facade and ancient belltower. The beautiful interior is typical for its gilted altars in carved wood and the fine organ; in the crypt there are corpses of abbots and bishops in their memorial garments, seated on ancient wooden seats.
- The church of San Nicola.
- The church of Sant'Antonio Abate, 15th century.
- The church of "Madonna della Salute", outside the town, with a statue of Virgin Mary covered in jewels that is carried in a processon on 7th and 10th September.