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Treia, Province of Macerata, Marche

The territory of Treia includes a fascinating landscape of gentle hills between the Adriatic and Sibillini Mountains. For its beautifully preserved historical center it is included among the "Borghi più belli d'Italia".

Info

  • Altitude: 342 m a.s.l
  • Population: about 9500 inhabitants
  • Zip/postal code: 62010
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 0733
  • Patron Saint: St. Patrizio, celebrated on the 4th Sunday of August
  • Frazioni & Localities: Chiesanuova, Contrada Camporota, Passo di Treia, San Marco, Santa Maria in Selva, Schito Sud-Est, Villa Lazzarini, Zoccolanti
  • GPS Coordinates: [mostra la località su una carta interattiva] 43°19'N, 13°19'E

History - Antiquity

The origins of the town, as well as its name, are lost in the mist of time, and surrounded by fascinating legends about its connection to the Egyptian goddess of fertility, Isis, and the vicinity to the mysterious Sibillini mountains.

According to the tradition, the town was founded by the Sabine people in 380 BC; a Roman town named Treia is recorded as a municipium in 109 BC; it was abandoned at the fall of the Western Roman empire.

History - the middle Ages and Modern Times

In the 10th century a new town was founded on the top of the hill, named Montecchio. The town sided with the Pope during the wars between Pope and Emperor, and was besieged several times, in 1239 by Enzo, a son of Frederick II and again in 1263 by Conrad of Antioch, who was captured at the nearby battle of Vallesacco, and held for several months in town in a small prison (now a cafe).

In the mid-16th century Montecchio became part of the Church State, and in 1790 Pope Pius VI rewarded its faithfulness by raising it to the official rank of "city", at the same time renaming it by its Roman name of Treia.

What to see

  • The medieval Cathedral
  • The 17th-century Town Hall with a collection of Renaissance and classical paintings
  • Santuario del SS. Crocefisso, a very large early 20th-century church complex
  • The Museo Civico Archeologico, inaugurated in 2004, preserving also Egyptian religious statues of the Roman period, unique in the Marche, found in the archeological site of ancient Treia.

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