Serravalle di Chienti, Province of Macerata, Marche
The commune lies at the entrance of the narrow Chienti valley, amid mountains and forests.
- Altitude: 667 m a.s.l
- Population: about 1,000 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 62038
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0737
- Patron Saint: santa Lucia, celebrated on 13 December
- Frazioni & Localities: Acquapagana, Attiloni, Bavareto, Borgo, Castello, Castello d'Elce, Cesi, Civitella Marche, Collecurti, Collelepri, Colpasquale, Copogna, Corgneto, Costa, Dignano, Forcella, Gelagna, Gelagna Bassa, San Martino, Taverne, Voltellina
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In the area there was a famous battle between the Romans and Hannibal, and the existence of a Roman town is demonstrated by the archaeological site around the Basilica of Plestia. The commune of Serravalle rose in the Middle Ages from the union of three different settlements established around the castles of Serravalle di Tufo and Serramula.
What to see
- The ruins of the 13th-century Ospizio dei Pellegrini, a resting site for pilgrims and itinerant shepherds.
- The 13th-century church of Santa Lucia, preserving inside a sacristy of the 13th century, the only remaining element of the original monastery, with 16th-century frescoes by Simone and Giovanfrancesco De Magistris and a painting by Giovanni Andrea da Caldarola.
- The Town Hall Palace, the only project in the Marche region authored by architect Pier Luigi Nervi (Sondrio 1891 - Rome 1979).
- The fortified borough at Castello, still preserving two circles of walls and one of the original towers, remains of a border fortress of the Duchy of Camerino.
- The church of Madonna del Piano, destroyed in an earthquake in 1997 and currently due for reconstruction, which had inside rich frescoes by Paolo Bontulli of Percanestro.
- at Acquapagana, an ancient abbey of the Camaldolese order, possibly established by Saint Romuald (c. 951 - 19 June 1025/27) in 1007
- The 15th-century church of Madonna del Sasso preserving a fine fresco representing the Universal Judgement.
- The 15th-century Botte dei Varano an important hydraulic drainage system in the Colfiorito plateau ordered by Giulio Cesare Varano; the drained waters collected upstream of Serravalle through a network of canals excavated in the plateau give rise to the Chienti river. From the drainage some marshes were spared, which are today niches for endemic rare plant species of water orchids, and a resting station for migrating birds.
- The former monastery at Brogliano, when in 1368 Blessed Paolo Trinci of Foligno established the observant Franciscan order
- The Basilica of Plestia, rising on an early Christian crypt, which was in its turn built with materials of a Roman temple pre-existing on the site, where many archeological remains exist of Plestia, the Roman town which was probably the origin of present Serravalle.
- The Selva, a forest of Turkish oaks and oak trees, one of the very few extant examples of a valley forest in the Apennine mountains.