What to see
- The Frasassi Grottos
- The Santa Casa of Loreto
- The Renaissance Piazza del Popolo in Ascoli Piceno
- The Rocca di Urbisaglia
- The Rocca di Mondavio
- The Palazzo Ducale of Urbino; see also the UNESCO World Heritage inscription of the Historic Centre of Urbino, a model of an urban Renaissance complex harmoniously adapted to its physical environment.
At the time of the barbarians' invasions, it was split in two, with the Southern part under the Lombards and the Northern under the rule of the Eastern Roman Empire. The name of the region comes from the establishment by the Franks of "Marche", that is Marquisdoms, such as Camerino, Fermo and Ancona.
Little by little the towns and cities got more and more independent from the feudal lords, and in the 14th century the region was divided into a number of small states with the Malatesta in Fano, and the Montefeltro and later the Della Rovere in Urbino. Then the State of the Church gradually widened its influence in the region, until in the 17th century all the territory was under the rule of the Popes. In the Napoleonic period Marche was a republic, then after the Congress of Vienna returned under the State of the Church, to be finally annexed to Italy in 1860, during the Second War of Italian Independence.