Sarzana, Province of La Spezia, Liguria
- Population: about 20,000 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 19038
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0187
- Patron Saint: St. Andrea, celebrated on 20 November
- Frazioni & Localities: Marinella di Sarzana, Falcinello, Sarzanello, San Lazzaro
A branch of the Cadolingi di Borgonuovo family, lords of Fucecchio in Tuscany, which had acquired the name of Bonaparte, settled near Sarzana before 1264. In 1512 a member of the family moved to Ajaccio, and it seems he was the ancestor of Napoleon Buonaparte. Sarzana belonged first to Pisa, then to Florence, then to the Banco di San Giorgio of Genoa and from 1572 to the Republic of Genoa. In 1814 it was assigned to the Kingdom of Sardinia.
What to see
- The Cathedral of white marble in the Gothic style, dating from 1355 but completed in 1474, contains two sculptured altars.
- The Citadel, built by the Pisans, a massive fortress, demolished and rebuilt by Lorenzo de Medici, also known as Firmafede.
- The castle of Sarzanello, built by condottiere Castruccio Castracani, whose tomb by the Pisan Giovanni di Balducci is in the church of San Francesco.
- The Palazzo del Capitano originally designed by Giuliano da Maiano (1472), but later largely modified.