Today Castellaro, accessible through two easy paths, is an area of great interest, subject to environmental protection for its delicate, complex karst system. On the site there are traces of dry stone walls from prehistory.
- Altitude: 189 m a.s.l
- Population: about 600 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 19020
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0187
- Patron Saint: the Assumption, celebrated on 15 August
- Frazioni & Localities: Cappelletta, Casale, Catornola, Faggiona, Monti, Villa.
History - Antiquity
History - the Middle Ages and Renaissance
The history of the village of Pignone is connected to the Romanesque church of Santa Maria Assunta, surrounded by a fascinating maze of "carruggi" (=narrow alleys). The name appears in a bull by Eugene III in 1149; in 1252 Guglielmo, the bishop of Luni, gave Pignone to the powerful Fieschi di Lavagna family. Cardinal Luca Fieschi in February 1312 accompanied the young emperor Arrigo VII of Luxembourg, traveling to Rome to be crowned emperor, ant they stopped at Pignone.
During the Renaissance some remarkable buildings were erected, as those of the noble families Bordigoni and De Lucchini, and the loggia overlooking Piazza Marconi, under which in April 1465 the inhabitants of Pignone swore allegiance to the Duke of Milan, Francesco Sforza.
History - Modern Times
During the Napoleonic period the municipal seat was transferred to the nearby village of Casale, but with the advent of the Kingdom of Savoy in 1815 it was reinstated in Pignone.