ANZIO, Province of Roma, Lazio
- Altitude: 3 m a.s.l
- Population: about 55,000 inhabitants in 2010
- Zip/postal code: 00042
- Dialing Area Code: +39 06
- Patron Saint: St Antony of Padua, celebrated on 4th June
- Frazioni & Localities: Anzio Colonia, Cincinnato, Falasche, Lavinio Stazione, Lavinio Mare, Lido dei Gigli, Lido dei Pini, Lido delle Sirene, Marechiaro, Villa Claudia
Afterwards, at the end of the Roman republic, Antium became a preferred maritime residence of the patrician Romans, just within reach of a day's travel, just far enough to be insulated from the riots and tumults of Rome. When Cicero returned from exile, it was at Antium that he reassembled the battered remains of his libraries, where the scrolls would be secure. Leading Romans built magnificent seaside villas. Mecenus had a villa at Antium; both Emperor Caligula and Nero were born in Antium; the ruins of the latter's villa can still be seen today. The Fanciulla d'Anzio, the Borghese Gladiator (Louvre Museum) and the Apollo Belvedere in the Vatican were all discovered in the ruins of villas at Anzio.
Of the villas, the most famous was the Villa of Nero at Antium which extended along the coast of the Capo d'Anzio some 800 meters of seafront. Nero razed the former villa on the site, where Augustus had received a delegation from Rome to acclaim him Pater patriae ("Father of his Country") to rebuild on its foundations a villa on a more imperial scale, which was used by each Emperor in turn, up to the Severans.
What to see
- The Commonwealth Anzio War Cemetery and Beach Head War Cemetery.