The local venetian dialect of Trieste is called "Triestino". Italian and the local venetian dialect are spoken in the city center while Slovenian is spoken in many of the immediate suburbs. This linguistic division is historical and cultural and dates back hundreds of years.
Trieste, Province of Trieste, Friuli‑Venezia Giulia
Trieste (Latin Tergeste), the capital of its province and region, is located 370 miles southwest of Vienna at the head of the Gulf of Trieste, an arm of the Gulf of Venice.
Through a long period of time, Trieste was seen as being peripheral to Italian commerce and culture; however lately it has been gaining influence as Italy's window to the east (former Yugoslavia). The Kosovo War saw large numbers of refugees passing through the city, which is now negotiating cooperation with Slovenian ports and expanding business with former Yugoslavia.
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- Altitude: 9 m a.s.l
- Population: about 210,000 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 34100, 34121-34151
- Dialing Area Code: +39 040
- Patron Saint: St. Giusto, celebrated on 3 November.
The city of Trieste is presently divided into 7 Circoscrizioni (municipal entities), which unify the traditional boroughs and hamlets:
- 1. Altopiano Ovest, including: Borgo San Nazario, Contovello, Prosecco, Santa Croce;
- 2. Altopiano Est, including: Banne, Basovizza, Gropada, Opicina, Padriciano, Trebiciano;
- 3. Roiano - Gretta - Barcola, including: Barcola, Cologna, Conconello, Gretta, Grignano, Guardiella, Miramare, Roiano, Scorcola;
- 4. Città Nuova - Barriera Nuova - San Vito - Città Vecchia, including: Barriera Nuova, Borgo Giuseppino, Borgo Teresiano, Città Nuova, Città Vecchia, San Vito, San Giusto, Campi Elisi, Sant'Andrea, Cavana;
- 5. Barriera vecchia - San Giacomo, including: Barriera Vecchia, San Giacomo, Santa Maria Maddalena Superiore;
- 6. San Giovanni - Chiadino - Rozzol, including: Cattinara, Chiadino, Guardiella, Longera, San Giovanni, Rozzol, Melara;
- 7. Servola - Chiarbola - Valmaura - Borgo San Sergio, including: Chiarbola, Coloncovez, Santa Maria Maddalena Inferiore - Raute, Santa Maria Maddalena Superiore, Servola, Poggi Paese, Poggi Sant'Anna, Valmaura, Altura.
History - Antiquity and the Middle Ages
By 177 BC, Trieste was under the Roman republic and was granted the status of a colony under Julius Caesar, who also recorded its name as Tergeste in his Commentarii de bello Gallico in 51 BC. After the end of the Western Roman Empire in 476 Trieste was first under the authority of its count-bishop, then from the year 1081 was under the Aquileia's patriarchy, from 1369 under the Venetian Republic, from 1372 a free commune and from 1382 to free themselves from Venice, the Triestins donated the city to Leopold III von Habsburg, duke of Austria. During the Middle Ages, Trieste grew into an important port.
History - Modern Times
The role of Trieste as the main Austrian commercial port and shipbuilding center was emphasized by the construction of the Vienna-Trieste railway, completed in 1857. By the end of the 19th century, Trieste was a buzzing cosmopolitan city, frequented by artists such as James Joyce and Italo Svevo. The city was a very real part of Mitteleuropa, with a cosmopolitan mix of Italian (75%), German (5%) and Slavic (18%) and other cultures, and a feeling of being a border town that it still retains today.
Italian nationalists considered Trieste the main "unredeemed" territory; in 1918, after the end of World War I and the disintegration of Austria-Hungary, Trieste became a part of Italy.
What to see
- Miramare, a romantic castle built in the 19th century for Austrian Archduke Maximilian and his wife.