Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region
Friuli-Venezia Giulia is an autonomous region of north-eastern Italy, bordering Austria and Slovenia, a crossroads of the Latin, German and Slavic cultures.
- Area: 7844 km²
- Population: 1.2 million inhabitants in 2019
- Population Density: 157 inh/sqkm
- Official website: http://www.regione.fvg.it/.
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Provinces of Friuli‑Venezia Giulia
In the North there are the Alps, while the territory along the coasts is mostly plain. Between Trieste and the Alps there is a wide, Karst plateau, the Carso, an important battlefield in WWI, where innumerable Italian and Austrian soldiers lost their lives.
History - Antiquity and the Middle Ages
The region was invaded by the Celts in the 5th century and then in the 3rd century BC by the Romans, who in 181 BC founded the important city of Aquileia. Under Augustus Friuli was included in the Decima Regio, Venetia. In 452 Aquileia was destroyed by barbarian invaders, then in the 6th century BC under the Lombards a Dukedom was established with capital Cividale. Other invaders, the Avari in the 7th century destroyed the Lombard dukedom and its capital, but later on Charlemagne included the region in the nation of Austria. Invaded by the Hungarians in 828, was later under the German emperors until 1420.
History - Modern times
Since the early 15th century, the region was gradually included in the Republic of Venice, until Napoleon with the Campoformio Treaty of 1797 gave Venice to the Austrians. Only after the Third War of Italian Independence in 1866 central Friuli (the provinces of Pordenone and Udine) was united to Italy, while the province of Gorizia remained under Austrian rule until 1919. The province of Trieste was officially given to Italy in 1954.
What to see
The region has fine art cities and cultural centers, medieval castles and Venetian villas, museums of the Great War, fine seaside resorts as Tarvisio, Grado and Lignano Sabbiadoro, everywhere a rich gastronomy, exquisite wines and a myriad of wellness offers; eight different golf circuits spanning from the Alps to the sea, very special theme parks as the Parco Avventura Sella Nevea with treeclimbing activities and games inside a forest, or the Parco di Volo at Campoformido; astounding natural landscapes in the many Karst grottos, the Natural parks of the Prealpi Giulie and Dolomiti Friulane, the Grado lagoon and the Marine Sanctuary at Miramare.
The economy is largely based on agriculture, the main crops being maize, sugar-beet, wheat, soy beans, and on the production of renowned wines. There are also many medium- and small-sized industries in the chemical, textile silk, paper and furniture sectors.