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Rimini, Province of Rimini, Emilia‑Romagna

Rimini is located on the Adriatic Sea and after Venice's Lido is probably the most famous seaside resort on the Adriatic Riviera.
In the heart of the "Riviera Romagnola", Rimini offers a wealth of entertainment for all ages, accompanied by a deservedly famous cuisine tradition and a myriad of family managed lodging facilities. South of the city an almost uninterrupted seafront leads to Riccione, where other tourist attractions as the Aquafan and Oltremare theme park are located.

Info

  • Altitude: m a.s.l
  • Population: about 144,000 inhabitants (in 2013)
  • Zip/postal code: 47900
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 0541
  • Patron Saint: St. Gaudenzio, celebrated on 25 October
  • Demonym: riminesi
  • Frazioni & Localities: Bellariva, Corpolò, Marebello, Miramare di Rimini, Rivabella, Rivazzurra, San Fortunato, San Giuliano a Mare, Santa Aquilina, Torre Pedrera, Viserba, Viserbella
  • GPS Coordinates: 44.03.N, 12.34.E
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Administrative divisions

The Comune of Rimini is divided into 6 "circoscrizioni":
  • Circoscrizione 1: Centro Storico, Marina Centro, San Giuliano
  • Circoscrizione 2: Borgo San Giovanni, Lagomaggio, Marina Lido
  • Circoscrizione 3: Bellariva, Miramare
  • Circoscrizione 4: Borgo Mazzini, INA Casa, Vergiano, Corpolò
  • Circoscrizione 5: Celle, Viserba, San Vito, Santa Giustina
  • Circoscrizione 6: V PEEP, Grotta Rossa, Gaiofana.
The Comune also includes the following frazioni:
  • Litorale Nord: Torre Pedrera, Viserbella, Viserba, Rivabella e San Giuliano a Mare
  • Marina Centro
  • Litorale Sud: Bellariva, Marebello, Rivazzurra e Miramare
  • San Lorenzo in Correggiano

History - Antiquity

All the coastal area was inhabited for 800,000 years. In 268 B.C. at the mouth of the Ariminus river, an area previouslyinhabited by the Etruscans, the Umbrians, the Greeks and the Gauls, the Romans founded the colony of Ariminum as a bastion against invading Gauls and also to start the conquest of the Po plain.

Ariminum was a road junction connecting central Italy (Via Flaminia) and northern Italy (Via Aemilia and Via Popilia) as well as a sea and river port. Emperors enriched the town with monuments as the Arch of Augustus, Tiberius' Bridge and the Amphitheatre.

History - The Middle Ages

In the 14th century AD Rimini was a free Commune and many convents and churches were built, where also Giotto worked. The Malatesta family, whose most famous member was Sigismondo Pandolfo, a condottiere and patron, was lord of Rimini between 1432 and 1468. At the beginning of the sixteenth century, once the Malatesta family had been banished, Rimini was included in the Church State.

History - Modern Times

For many centuries the main resource along with trade was fishing. In 1797, Rimini became part of the Cisalpine Republic established by the Napoleonic government, which suppressed the monastic orders and demolished many churches including the ancientcathedral of Santa Colomba. On 30th March 1815, Joachim Murat launched his proclamation to unity and independence of the Italian people from Rimini.

In 1843 the first bathing establishment and the Kursaal started the new tourist era. In a few years, in the marina became a great many sea villas were built, and in the early twentieth century the Grand Hotel became the emblem of a new kind of tourism. During World War II, the city was heavily bombed, but after liberation on September 21 1944, impressive reconstruction works began gaving rise to an economy based on tourist.

What to see

  • The Piazza Tre Martiri, in honor of three civilians shot in World War II by the Nazis, was also where markets and tournaments were held; to the sides of the square a small temple dedicated to Saint Anthony of Padua and the Clock Tower.
  • Fiabilandia, the most ancient theme park in Italy, at Rivazzurra, open from Easter to October; the park is divided in a mediaeval, eastern and western section.
  • Italia in Miniatura, at Viserba, a creation of Ivo Rambaldi inaugurated in 1970, which offers itineraries through miniature monuments and is landscaped with over 80,000 bonsai plants.

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