Reggio nell'Emilia, Province of Reggio Emilia, Emilia‑Romagna
The old town has an exagonal form, which derives from the ancient walls, and the main buildings are from XVI - XVIII centuries. The ancient Roman name of the town was Regium Lepidi, in honor of Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, the founder of the town and of the Roman way Via Emilia, still the main road of the region and giver of the name. Before the unity of Italy, it was part of the independent Duchy of Modena and Reggio.
- Altitude: 58 m a.s.l
- Population: about 163,000 inhabitants in 2012
- Zip/postal code: 42121-42124 (formerly 42100)
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0522
- Patron Saint: St. Prospero, celebrated on 24 November
- Demonym: reggiani.
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Provinces of Emilia-Romagna
Since 2009 the comune includes the following 4 Circoscrizioni:
- 1 - Città storica, including the quarter of Gattaglio
- 2 - Circoscrizione Ovest, including the quarters of Bainsizza, Ghiardello, Regina Pacis, Roncina, Villaggio Foscato, and the Ville (Codemondo, San Bartolomeo, Cadè, Cella, Cavazzoli, Roncocesi, Gaida, Pieve Modolena).
- 3 - Circoscrizione Sud, including the quarters of Baragalla, Rosta Nuova, and the Ville (Coviolo, Rivalta, San Pellegrino, Canali, Fogliano).
- 4 - Circoscrizione Nord-Est, including the quarter of Reggiane, and the Ville (Bagno, Castellazzo, Gavasseto, Marmirolo, Masone, Ospizio, Roncadella, Sabbione, San Maurizio, Gavassa, Mancasale, Massenzatico, Pratofontana, San Prospero Strinati, Sesso).
The territory, outside the historical centre, was traditionally divided into "ville", each including rural land with a central parish church. At the beginning of the 20th century, the villas were 27, afterwards they became 30: Bagno, Cadè, Canali, Castellazzo (part of Marmirolo until 1935), Cavazzoli, Cella, Codemondo, Coviolo, Corticella (part of Bagno until 1948), Fogliano, Gaida, Gavassa, Gavasseto, Mancasale, Marmirolo, Masone, Massenzatico, Ospizio, Pieve Modolena, Pratofontana, Rivalta, Roncadella, Roncocesi, Sabbione, San Bartolomeo, San Maurizio, San Pellegrino, San Prospero Strinati, Santa Croce (part of Ospizio and Mancasale until 1914), Sesso.