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Cannalonga, Province of Salerno, Campania

Cannalonga rises in the valley between the Carmine and Mennonia streams, sheltered from the cold winds of the East by the mountain range of Gelbison and Monte Falascuso. The toponym might derive from the reeds (canna in Italian) abundant in the past along the banks of the two waterways.

Info

  • Population: about 1040 inhabitants in 2018
  • Zip/postal code: 84040
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 0974
  • Demonym: cannalonghesi
  • Patron Saint: San Turibio de Mogrovejo, celebrated on 23 March.

History

The oral tradition still handed down is that here arose an ancient city, Toreva or Tolve, which was buried by a landslide, perhaps caused by the same earthquake that destroyed Velia in 500 AD (see "History and Legend of Tolve" by Pietro Carbone).

The valley where the settlement rose in the 9th century AD was ideal from the climatic and strategic point of view, protected by the fortresses of Civitella and Novi Velia. Thanks to these favourable conditions a flourishing market of goods and livestock developed, originally called the "Mercato di Santa Lucia", which in the centuries grew in importance and enriched Cannalonga economically and politically. The Fair was repeated every year in December, and has reached our day, though it is currently held on the Saturday before the second Sunday in September, with the name of Fiera della Frecagnola (which is a typical goat meat stew).

What to see

  • The Palazzo Ducale which belonged to the family of the Dukes of Cannalonga, the Falletti and later the Mogrovejo family, descendants of St. Turibio de Mogrovejo, who is the patron saint of Cannalonga; the palace still belongs to the family of the Mogrovejo-Romano dukes. Saint Toribio Alfonso de Mogrovejo (16 November 1538 - 23 March 1606), born in Spain, served as the Archbishop of Lima, Peru, and supported the rights of the native people.

Genealogy & Links