Campora, Province of Salerno, Campania
- Altitude: 525 m a.s.l
- Population: about 400 inhabitants in 2017
- Zip/postal code: 84040
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0974
- Demonym: camporesi
- Patron Saint: St. Nicola, celebrated on 6 December.
History - Antiquity
History - the Middle Ages
In 1269 Charles I of Anjou granted the Castrum Campore to Mathe de Alena and later to Simon de Bois. In 1433 Americo Sanseverino, Count of Capaccio, was also lord of Campora. In 1444 Salvatore de Senis was appointed feudal lord of Campora, along with Caselle and Casalnuovo. He was followed by Bindo and then by Alfano, who was succeeded in his turn by Portia Tolomea de Senis who married Carlo de Guevara Count of Potenza.
In 1453 Campora was sold along with other estates by King Alfonso to Alfonso Gonesse. After the latter's conspiracy in 1486, the estate passed to Carlo Carafa, marquis of Montesarchio who also lost it for treason. In 1469 Campora was granted by Roberto Sanseverino to his son Giovan Francesco.
History - Modern Times
From a study of the Catasto Onciario it is clear that there were a few landowners and a large majority of poor labourers, which is also why in the following century the agrarian crisis brought about a massive depopulation, increased by the growing emigration (source: "Ricerca storica sul Comune di Campora", by Beniamino Casuccio and Pasquale Feola).
What to see
- The church dedicated to the Nativity of Mary (Natività di Maria Santissima), which rises over a crypt and is in the typical Romanesque style.
- The church of San Nicola
- The Chapel of Madonna della Neve, which dates back to the end of the 17th century and was built on the ruins of the Italo-Greek monastery of San Giorgio of the 9th century AD.
- The many water mills, along the course of the Calore and its tributaries, most abandoned and hidden in lush vegetation. The decadence of the hydraulic mills was brought about by the rise of electrified mills.