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Calvanico, Province of Salerno, Campania

The small center is located in a mountain area along the border with the Province of Avellino, in a fine position not too far from Salerno; Paestum and the Amalfi coast are just 20 miles away. The area has a remarkable production of chestnuts and hazelnuts.
The municipality is divided into three districts, Capo Calvanico, Mezzina and Pié di Calvanico, and belongs to the Comunità montana Irno - Solofrana and the "Unione dei Comuni Valle dell'Orco".

Info

  • Altitude: 600 m a.s.l
  • Population: about 1490 inhabitants in 2017
  • Zip/postal code: 84080
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 089
  • Demonym: calvagnoli or calvanicesi
  • Patron Saint: St. Michele, celebrated on 29th September.

History

Archeological findings of pottery and Palaeolithic flint show that the area was inhabited since prehistory. The origin of the name is related by historian Luigi Conforti to the Roman town Cluvium destroyed by Hannibal, whose inhabitants took refuge on the gorges of Mount Taurino and founded Cluvianum.

However, the earliest written mentions of Calvanico appear in the Codex Cavensis, a document of the 11th century, when the name of the place was "Calbanicum". The area was a fiefdom of the Rota, San Severino of Caracciolo and Orsini families. From 1806 it was a "frazione" of the municipality of Fisciano, and in 1829 became an independent municipality.

What to see

  • The Historical Centre, with picturesque alleys, squares and ancient fountains, churches, portals, noble palaces, limestone coats of arm and stucco decorations.
  • The parish church of the Santissimo Salvatore, a Neo-Renaissance monument of the 18th century, built on a previous 14th century church; inside there are valuable stucco works of Calvanico artisans, as well as paintings by Solimena and Mozzillo, and a 16th-century altarpiece by Giovanni Bernardo Lama. The church was badly damaged by the earthquake of 1980 and later robbed of many works.

Genealogy & Links

Where to stay