Napoli (Naples), Campania
- Population: about 960,000 inhabitants in 2018
- Zip/postal code: 80121-80147 - Postal Codes for addresses in Naples
- Dialing Area Code: +39 081
- Patron Saint: St. Gennaro celebrated on 19 September, plus 40 more patrons.
- Municipalità I: Chiaia, Posillipo, San Ferdinando
- Municipalità II: Avvocata, Montecalvario, Pendino, Porto, Mercato, San Giuseppe
- Municipalità III: Stella, San Carlo all'Arena
- Municipalità IV: San Lorenzo, Vicaria, Poggioreale, Zona Industriale
- Municipalità V: Vomero, Arenella
- Municipalità VI: Ponticelli, Barra, San Giovanni a Teduccio
- Municipalità VII: Miano, Secondigliano, San Pietro a Patierno
- Municipalità VIII: Piscinola, Marianella, Scampia, Chiaiano
- Municipalità IX: Soccavo, Pianura
- Municipalità X: Bagnoli, Fuorigrotta.
History - Antiquity
In Naples, in the 'Castel dell'Ovo' (Castle of the Egg), Romulus Augustulus, the last Emperor of the Western Roman Empire, was imprisoned after being deposed by the Goths in 476 AD.
History - the Middle Ages
Frederick II Hohenstaufen founded a university in 1224. In 1266 Naples and the kingdom of Sicily were assigned by Pope Clement IV to Charles of Anjou, who moved the capital from Palermo to Naples. In 1284 the kingdom was split into two parts, with an Aragonese king ruling the island of Sicily and and Angevin king ruling the mainland; while both kingdoms officially called themselves the Kingdom of Sicily, the mainland portion covering the southern part of the Italian peninsula was commonly referred to as the Kingdom of Naples.
History - Modern Times
On April 7, 1906 Mount Vesuvius erupted, devastating Boscotrecase and seriously damaging Ottaviano. In 1944 there was a spectacular eruption, and videos of the event were used in the film "The War of the Worlds".
Traditionally the home of pizza, Napoli is also famous for its excellent pasta dishes, and Neapolitans also claim that the best espresso coffee in the world is made in their city thanks to the unique Neapolitan air and water.
Naples has seen many of its children spread out through the world, setting up their own 'Little Italy' in many countries. The majority of these Neapolitans who left Italy went to the Americas, especially the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Argentina.
What to see
- The Villa Comunale (formerly a royal park) stretches along the seafront in the elegant western end of the city. It contains an aquarium which is possibly Europe's oldest and is favoured by the locals for family walks on Sunday mornings.
- The Museo Archeologico Nazionale, contains a large collection of Roman artifacts from Pompeii and Herculaneum as well as the Farnese Marbles, some of the greatest surviving Roman statues.
- The Museo Nazionale of Capodimonte, which preserved art collections including work by Michel Angelo, Raphael, Botticelli and Caravaggio.
- The Teatro San Carlo, the oldest active opera house in Europe, inaugurated on November 4, 1737.
- The "Napoli Sotterranea", old Greek-Roman resevoirs dug out from the soft tufo stone on which, and from which the city is built. Guided tours are allowed to approximately one kilometer of the many km of tunnels under the city, where also large catacombs exist.
- Destinations in the immediate surroundings can be reached by ferry, as the islands of Procida, Capri and Ischia; south of Naples, Sorrento and the Amalfi Coast, as well as the ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum (destroyed in the A.D. 79 eruption of Vesuvius), can be reached by train or bus.