Casamicciola Terme, Province of Napoli, Campania
- Population: about 8200 inhabitants in 2017
- Zip/postal code: 80074
- Dialing Area Code: +39 081
- Demonym: casamicciolesi
- Patron Saint: Santa Maria Maddalena, celebrated on 22 July.
The island came later under the control of the Romans, who used it as a vacation and spa resort. In the Middle Ages Ischia was attacked by the Goths, Lombards and Normans and finally conquered by the Swabians. Since antiquity the island was hit several times by the eruption of the Epomeo, the last eruption being in 1301.
In the following centuries the population increased concentrating along the coast in six villages: Ischia, Casamicciola, Lacco Ameno, Forio, Barano and Serrara Fontana. In the early 17th century the "Pio Monte della Misericordia" of Naples, an organization of enlightened aristocrats with humanitarian aims, established in Casamicciola a large spa establishement for the poor of Naples, and in the following centuries the place became a spa resort for people from all over Europe.
On July 28, 1883 shocks triggered by former volcano Epomeo made about 2,000 victims, almost half the population. The town was rebuilt closer to the sea, along the marina. The name was changed to Casamicciola Terme in 1956.