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Bacoli, Province of Napoli, Campania

The municipality of Bacoli is located to the south-west on the Gulf of Pozzuoli; known in antiquity with the name of Bauli, is today a fishermen's borough. Bacoli is well-known for its archaeological area, which includes the ancient port, villas and spas of Baia, an imperial residential town in Roman times.

Info

  • Population: about 26,000 inhabitants in 2017
  • Zip/postal code: 80070
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 081
  • Demonym: bacolesi
  • Patron Saint: St. Anna, celebrated on 26 July
  • Frazioni & Localities: Baia, Capo Miseno, Cappella, Cuma (parte), Faro, Fusaro, Miliscola, Miseno, Scalandrone, Torregaveta.

History

Latin Baiae was a fashionable resort, especially towards the end of the Roman Republic and throughout the Empire, even more popular than Pompeii, Naples, and Capri. Famous for itswarm sulfur springs, purple oysters, and mild climate, it was an ideal retreat from the heat of Rome, and many prominent Romans had villas in the area. It was at his villa near Baiae that Emperor Hadrian died in 138 AD.

Baiae was also the location for a spectacular stunt in AD 37 by Caligula, who on becoming Emperor ordered a temporary floating bridge to be built using ships as pontoons, stretching for over two miles from the town of Baiae to the neighboring port of Puteoli (Pozzuoli), across which he proceeded to ride his horse,to challenge an astrologer's prediction that he had "no more chance of becoming Emperor than of riding a horse across the Gulf of Baiae".

What to see

  • Agrippina's Sepulchre , a Roman monument that traditionally was considered to be the tomb of Nero's mother, but was most probably the "odeion" of a Villa.
  • The Cento Camerelle, water cisterns belonging to a Roman Villa of Republican times.
  • The Piscina Mirabilis, among the biggest Roman water reservoir structures, could store 12,600 cubic meters, situated on a promontory facing Capo Miseno.
  • The archeological park including villas, spas and the Roman port.

Where to stay