Baia e Latina, Province of Caserta, Campania
The commune consistes of two separate centres, Baia and Latina, whose inhabitants are called baiardi and latinesi, respectively, and also celebrate two different patrons, St. Vito and St. Lorenzo.
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- Altitude: 123 m a.s.l
- Population: about 2100 inhabitants in 2017
- Zip/postal code: 81010
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0823
- Demonym: baiardi, latinesi
- Patron Saint: San Vito, San Lorenzo
- Frazioni & Localities: Contra, Piedicastello.
The origins of the two centers, Baia and Latina, are uncertain; the name first appears in 979 in a bull of Santo Stefano Caiazzo. According some historian, Baia was an Etruscan settlement, as confirmed by the discovery of amphorae, portraying the goddess Latina. The other center, Latina, was, according to a legend, so called because Latinus, the father of Lavinia, Aeneas' second wife, built here a temple sacred to Minerva and left his name to the village; another theory is that a Latin legion was stationed here, which is confirmed by the Letters L.L. engraved in still extant coats of arms and bas-reliefs.
Since Imperial times Baia and Latina were part of Compulteria (today Alvignano). Since the 13th century Baia was a feud of the Origlia, then of the Marzano and finally the bishop of Aversa (1532).