Volturara Irpina, Province of Avellino, Campania
The territory of Volturara extends over the Picentini Mountains and the urban centre rises on the slopes of Mounts Costa and Faggeto, in a dominant position on the Piana del Dragone, an area cultivated since very old times, and renowned for forest produce as chestnuts and mushrooms.
The territory is rich in small springs and sources of fresh perennial waters, including "Acque delle Logge", "Acqua degli Uccelli" and "Acqua del Cerchio". Before reaching the valley, the waters coming from the mountain tops disappear into ravines known locally as "ventare", that feed various springs.
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- Altitude: 667-1806 m a.s.l
- Population: about 3200 inhabitants in 2017
- Zip/postal code: 83050
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0825
- How to reach it: Autostrada Napoli - Bari, exit Avellino est. Proceed along the SS. ofantina toward Volturara/Lioni.
- Demonym: volturaresi
- Patron Saint: St. Nicola of Bari celebrated on 6 December, and St. Antony of Padua
- Frazioni & Localities: Tavernole.
The origins are medieval and at that time it was called Veterale, and had a castle which was later destroyed. Many feudal families followed one another in the centuries until 1806. Some famous Volturaresi were 17th-century writer Antonio Masuccio and 19th century writer and jurist Vincenzo Pennetti.
After the unity of Italy to the original name of Volturara the notation "Irpinia" was added so that it would not be confused with the other Volturara in Apulia (Puglie region).
What to see
- The Basilica of St. Nicola di Bari, built in the 16th century and restored in 1754, which hosts a pipe organ donated by Italian-American Volturanesi in memory of their origins and made in 2007 by organ builder Alessandro Girotto.
- The Ruins of the Lombard Castle, dating back to the 8th century.
- The Sanctuary of San Michele, located in the original castle, 17th century.
- The Museo Etnografico.