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Sorbo Serpico, Province of Avellino, Campania

The center is located a few kilometers from Avellino between the foothills of the Picentini mountains and the Avellinese basin, in the valley of the torrent Salzola, a tributary of the Sabato river.
It is included in the "Comunità montana Terminio Cervialto", and its economy is based on chestnuts and timber. Sorbo was greatly damaged by the 1980 earthquake, but there were no victims; for the resilience and courage of its citizens in the reconstruction it received a gold medal to civil merit.

Info

  • Altitude: 480 m a.s.l
  • Population: about 600 inhabitants in 2018
  • Zip/postal code: 83050
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 081
  • Demonym: sorbesi
  • Patron Saint: St. Martino celebrated on 11 November.

History

The toponym is made of two words, "sorbo" (=rowan), a plant widespread in the Mediterranean area, and "serpico" which is of uncertain origin, since it may derive from the Latin first name Serpicus, or from serpens (=snake), or from a temple dedicated to the goddess Serapis.

A first settlement was probably established by the Romans after the social war, giving the lands of the "castrum" to veterans, during the 1st century BC. With the decline of the Roman empire, the area was abandoned and reclaimed by forests. Then, thanks to its strategic position, the Lombards built a castle on the site. In the Middle Ages the fiefdom belonged to the Gesualdo, the Galeota and the Della Marra families.

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