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San Nicola Baronia, Province of Avellino, Campania

The small borough is located in the Appennines, along the upper valley of the Ufita river, a tributary of the Calore basin, at the center of the historical area called Baronia, in the north-eastern area of Irpinia along the former state road 91 also called Valle del Sele.

Info

  • Altitude: 610 m a.s.l
  • Population: about 750 inhabitants in 2018
  • Zip/postal code: 83050
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 0825
  • Patron Saints: San Nicola, celebrated on 13 December, and San Pasquale Baylon, celebrated on 17 May.
  • Frazioni & Localities: Ferregne

History - Antiquity

A settlement of the Iron Age (IX-VIII century BC.), which returned a number of graves with rich funerary furnishings, was discovered in the vicinity. Findings of the Samnite (IV - III century BC) and Roman era are mainly concentrated in the area of Acqua dei Salici (Willow Water), where there was probably a village and in the imperial age a large country manor was erected.

History - the Middle Ages

In 1122 owner of the manor was the Richard Guarino del Formari, who was followed by descendants of Richard II, who held the lordship until the coming of Charles of Anjou in 1266.

Then the village was granted to Provenzale de Bruveriis. The origin of the name can be traced to when Anna de Bruveriis had Carife and San Nicola built at the foot of Trevico in defense of her fief. At the time the centre was known as San Nicola ad Salices (St. Nicholas near willows). The wife of Robert of Anjou sold it to Count Raimondo Del Balzo, and many feudal lords followed until 1806, when feudal rights were abolished.

History - Modern Times

The Carbonari uprisings of 1820, which involved all of Irpinia, had at the forefront many citizens of San Nicola. Later on natural disasters, particularly earthquakes, destroyed it completely and convinced the survivors to rebuild the village in a safer place, on the hill called Difesa facing south, near a stream called Vallone San Nicola, from which the new town was called San Nicola ad Ripas.

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