Montoro, Province of Avellino, Campania
The origins of the town are uncertain but it already existed during Lombard times, since it was a strategic point along the road that from Irpinia and Sannio led to Salerno.
Today's economy is based on agriculture, with a number of quality produce, as the Cipolla Ramata of Montoro and the Carciofo (artichoke) of Montoro. Moreover, its territory lies within the geographical area of production of Caciocavallo silano DOP, Castagna di Serino DOP, Pomodoro San Marzano of Agro Sarnese-Nocerino DOP and Melannurca campana IGC.
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- Altitude: 190 m a.s.l
- Territory: hilly, mountainous
- Population: about 19,700 inhabitants in 2017
- Zip/postal code: 83025
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0825
- Demonym: montoresi
- Patron Saint: St. Nicola da Tolentino celebrated on 10 September.
There is no locality called Montoro within the municipality, which includes the hamlets of Aterrana, Banzano, Chiusa, Caliano, San Pietro, Sant'Eustachio and Torchiati (previously municipality of Montoro Superiore with townhall at Torchiati) and Borgo, Figlioli, Misciano, Piano, Piazza di Pandola, Preturo, San Felice and San Bartolomeo (previously municipality of Montoro Inferiore with townhall at Piano). The unified municipality established the townhall at Piano, in piazza Michele Pironti.
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Ancient ruins have been found in the territory, which in Roman times was a colony of Abellinum (today's Atripalda). The first mention of the toponym can be found in the Cavanese Codex, where the locality was known as Troclati. Under the Lombards, the centre was included in the Dukedom of Benevento. Some of the feudal lords of the place were the Della Ratta, Zurlo, Colonna and De Capua families. Patriots Nicola Pepe and Vincenzo Galiani were born here.