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Monteverde, Province of Avellino, Campania

The center rises at the eastern end of Irpinia, on the border between Campania and Basilicata in the Apennine mountains, on steep hills between the Osento stream and the Ofanto river; the hills, all covered with a rich vegetation, are known as Seno della Croce, Seno dell'Incoronata and Seno del Castello.

Info

  • Altitude: 740 m a.s.l
  • Territory: hilly
  • Population: about 740 inhabitants in 2017
  • Zip/postal code: 83049
  • Dialing Area Code: +39 0827
  • Patron Saint: St. Michele Arcangelo, Santa Caterina d'Alessandria celebrated on 30 November
  • Frazioni & Localities: Bosco Siricciardi, Pozzo Vetere.

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History

Roman historian Titus Livy mentions a Samnite village, Cominium Ocritum, with reference to Hanno the Great, a general of Hannibal in the Second Punic War; historian Nicola Fierro, in his essay "The Battle of Aquilonia (293 B.C.)", identified Cominium Ocritum with Monteverde, though also Cerreto Sannita, Cominium Cerritum in Latin, makes the same claim.

The name Cominium is Oscan, and the toponym appears also in "Valle di Comino" and "San Donato Val di Comino". The etymology of "Cominium" seems to refer to places where meetings (comitia) were held, and there was one for each Oscan tribe, since the toponym is documented for the Marrucini, Equicoli, Pentri and Hirpini.

In the 11th century AD Monteverde became a bishopric and had its own bishop until 1531, when the Monteverde diocese was united to the Canne diocese. It was a fiefdom of the Orsini, the Grimaldi of Monaco and the Sangermano.