Montefalcione, Province of Avellino, Campania
Montefalcione rises in the hills, along the ridge dividing the basins of the Sabato and Calore rivers. The residential area is surrounded by fertile countryside, where fruit trees, cereals, vines are grown (from which the Aglianico of Taurasi and Fiano of Avellino wines are produced) and olive trees, as well as dense chestnut and oak woods. In the territory there is also a spring of water, already known in antiquity for the treatment of kidney problems.
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- Altitude: 523 m a.s.l
- Territory: hilly
- Population: about 3200 inhabitants in 2017
- Zip/postal code: 83030
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0825
- Demonym: montefalcionesi
- Patron Saint: St. Antony of Padua, celebrated on 13 June
- Frazioni & Localities: Castelrotto, Cataldi, Guarini-Santa Marina, Iantosca, Polcari-Rastiello, San Fele, Toppolo San Felice, Verzare-Lolli.
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The origins of Montefalcione date back to Roman Roman times. In the Middle Ages the village was a hill of Santa Maria, because it was taller and more easily defended against enemies. After the conquest of Benevento, the Lombards extended their domination also to the Irpina area and built a castle on the highest and steepest site. The center appears in documents of the 6th century AD with the name of Montefalcione Oppidum.