Vibo Valentia, Province of Vibo Valentia, Calabria
Vibo Valentia is located near the Tyrrhenian Sea and is a lively tourist resort, with fine beaches of Vibo Marina, as well as an agricultural and commercial center.
- Population: about 34,000 inhabitants in 2018
- Zip/postal code: 89900
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0963
- Patron Saint: St. Leoluca
- Frazioni & Localities: Vibo Marina, Bivona, Porto Salvo, Longobardi, San Pietro, Piscopio, Vene, Triparni.
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- I Circoscrizione: Longobardi, San Pietro
- II Circoscrizione: Vena Superiore, Vena Media, Vena Inferiore, Triparni
- III Circoscrizione: Piscopio
- IV Circoscrizione: Vibo Valentia (Marina), Bivona, Portosalvo
- V Circoscrizione: Vibo Valentia (Centro Cittadino).
History - Antiquity
The town was a Greek colony under the name of Hipponion, under the control of the powerful city of Locri, founded around the 7th century BC. Little by Little Hipponion grew in power and military force, and won independence from Locri in 422 BC thanks also to an alliance with Syracuse. It was a military base of the Carthaginians, and finally in the 2nd century BC came under Roman influence, and since then was known as Valentia.
History - the Middle Ages onwards
After the fall of the western Roman empire in 476 AD it was for a period a strategically important fortress under Byzantine rule. It was attacked and destroyed by the Moors in 850 and again in 983 AD, then a second glorious period began under the Normans and subsequently the Swabians, and in 1235 the name was changed into Monteleone of Calabria.
History - Modern Times
In the following centuries it was a renowned cultural center, and in 1799 Joachim-Napoléon Murat appointed it as capital of the province of Calabria Ultra. In 1928 the name was changed back to Vibo Valentia, and in 1992 it became the capital of the newly established province, created with part of the territory of the province of Catanzaro.