Crotone, Province of Crotone, Calabria
- Population: about 64,000 inhabitants in 2018
- Zip/postal code: 88900
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0962
- Demonym: crotonesi
- Patron Saint: Madonna di Capocolonna, San Dionigi l'Areopagita, celebrated on 9 October.
Provinces of Calabria
History - Antiquity
Around 510 BC Kroton sent an army of 100,000 men led by athlete Milo against its rival city, Sybaris, which was destroyed. Dionysius, the tyrant of Syracuse, temporarily occupied Croton. When Pyrrhus invaded Italy it was still a considerable city, but after the war half the city was deserted. It was then occupied by the Brutti, with the exception of the citadel where the original inhabitants had taken refuge; however, unable to defend the place against Carthaginians, they surrendered and were allowed to take refuge in Locri. Eventually, in 193 BC Kroton was occupied by the Romans, who established a colony there.
History - the Middle Ages
History - Modern Times
In 1907 the first aqueduct of Crotone was inaugurated, commissioned by Eugenio Filippo Albani, who brought to the city the Sila freshwater from, captured from the springs on Mount Gariglione. Now these springs are dispersed and exploited, while in Crotone water is supplied by the river Neto. In 1928 the city changed its name from Cotrone to "Crotone". Its port, which strategically bridges the distances between the nearby ports of Taranto and Messina, has become a driving force for the agricultural economy and industrial activities.