Craco, Province of Matera, Basilicata
- Altitude: 390 m a.s.l
- Population: about 750 inhabitants in 2010
- Zip/postal code: 75010
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0835
- Patron Saint: St. Nicola
- Frazioni & Localities: Craco Peschiera.
Erberto, probably a Norman, was the first feudal lord between 1154-1168. In this period the old borough arose, with houses built around the square tower in the center. In 1276 Craco was a Universitas. During the reign of Frederick II, it was an important military outpost thanks to its privileged position controlling the valley of the two parallel rivers, the Cavone and Agri. Its tower, along with other fortifications in the area, was a protective barrier for rich centers such as Pandosia and Lagaria, both beyond the Agri river.
Due to a huge landslide, in 1963 Craco was evacuated and the population relocated to the valley in the village of Craco Peschiera. At the time the center had over 2000 inhabitants. After that, the old borough became a veritable ghost town, and was chosen as set for several films.
What to see
- The ruins of the medieval borough.