Calciano, Province of Matera, Basilicata
- Altitude: 425 m a.s.l
- Population: about 800 inhabitants in 2011
- Zip/postal code: 75010
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0835
- Patron Saint: Maria SS. della Serra, celebrated on 8 September
- Frazioni & Localities: Contrada Parata
History - Antiquity and the Middle Ages
A fief of the Sforza in 1382, it passed to the Sanseverino in 1458, who then lost it in 1485 because of their conspiracy against King Ferdinand I.
History - Modern Times
In the 19th century the place was united to Garaguso and Oliveto Lucano until 1913, when it was given independent jurisdiction as a commune, and the population grew to over 1500 inhabitants after World War II, to go down then drastically due to massive emigration in the 1960s.
What to see
- The Chiesa della Rocca of the 13th century, a typical Norman architecture, probably belonged to the monks who lived in a convent (now a mill called "Chiusa del Trappeto") connected to the Church.
- The church of San Giovanni Battista (16th century), probably built on the church of SS. Serra, contains frescoes, a copper crucifix in the Byzantine style of the 14th century, the Annunziata by sculptor Nicola Pisano and in the apse an oil triptych painting dated 1503 by Bartolomeo da Pistoia depicting the Virgin and Child with St. Nicholas of Bari and St John the Baptist.
- The church of Maria SS. of Serra Cognato of the 12th century, in the hamlet of Tremolo, founded by S.Guglielmo from Vercelli
- The ruins of an ancient fortress, known locally as "u'castidd" (the castle), which, according to Byzantine documents of the years 1002 and 1023, could be the remains of the ancient greek-Byzantine monastery Theotokos, around which a "Corion" was built, (which would be the old Calciano located in Paese di Pede).