Teramo, Province of Teramo, Abruzzo
Teramo is situated near the confluence of the Vezzole torrent with the Tordino River (that's why the Latin name of Interamnia, between rivers), and is a very old city, founded in pre-Roman time, though the general aspect is more recent, due to many 19th-20th century buildings. The economy of the town is mostly based on activities connected with agriculture and commerce, as well as a sound industrial sector: textiles, foods, engineering, building materials and ceramics.
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- Population: ca. 54000 inhabitants in 2011
- Postal code: 64100
- Dialing Area Code: +39 0861
- How to reach it: by motorway, A24 exit Teramo or motorway A16, exit Giulianova or Roseto, then continue along state road about 30 km; by bus, from Rome, L'Aquila, Pescara; by road, S.S. 80 from L'Aquila e Giulianova, S.S. 81 from Ascoli Piceno
The Comune of Teramo includes a wide area with many populous districts.
- Historical Quarters: San Giorgio, San Leonardo, Santa Maria a Bitetto, Santo Spirito
- Newer Quarters: Castello, Colleatterrato, Colleparco, Gammarana, Madonna della Cona Madonna delle Grazie - Campo Fiera, Piano della Lenta, San Benedetto in Chartulis, San Berardo, Villa Mosca, Villa Pavone, Stazione
- Frazioni (villages and suburbs): Bivio Miano, Cannelli, Caprafico, Casette, Castagneto, Castrogno, Cavuccio, Cerreto, Chiareto, Colle Caruno, Colle Marino, Colleminuccio, Colle Santa Maria, Forcella, Frondarola, Frunti (abandoned), Galeotti, Garrano Alto, Garrano Basso, La Torre, Magnanella, Miano, Monticelli, Nepezzano, Orciano, Pantaneto, Piano d'Accio, Poggio Cono, Poggio San Vittorino, Ponte Vezzola, Ponzano, Putignano, Rapino, Rocciano, Rupo, Saccoccia, San Nicolò a Tordino, San Pietro ad Lacum, Sant'Atto, Sant'Egidio, Sardinara, Scapriano, Sciusciano, Secciola, Sorrenti, Sparazzano, Spiano, Tofo Sant'Eleuterio, Torre Palomba, Travazzano, Valle San Giovanni, Valle Soprana, Varano, Villa Butteri, Villa Falchini, Villa Gesso, Villa Pompetti, Villa Ripa, Villa Romita, Villa Rossi, Villa Schiavoni, Villa Stanghieri, Villa Taraschi, Villa Tordinia, Villa Turri-Ferretti, Villa Viola, Villa Vomano.
Founded by the population of Praetutii, the town was known in ancient times as 'Interamnia' (`between the rivers'). An important Municipium in Roman times, it rapidly declined after the fall of the Empire and, following Goth and Byzantine domination, became part of the territories of the Lombard Duchy of Spoleto. In 1156 it was put on fire by Norman Count Roberto di Loretello and then rebuilt thanks to Bishop Guido II. In the XIV and XV centuries it was plagued by feuds between local families which finally ended under the Aragonese dominion. After that it shared the fortunes of the Kingdom of Naples. It was united with Italy in 1860. Since for a long time it was a border place between the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the Church State, it acquired a really special identity and, because of the difficult communications with the other parts of the country, it stayed isolated for long periods of time. The Gran Sasso tunnel recently allowed Teramo to get out of its isolation.
What to see
- The remains of the Roman Amphitheatre and the Theatre built about 30 B.C., which could accomodate over three thousand people, where still today sports and cultural events take place.
- The Archeological Museum with surrounding park
- The Casa Melatino
- The Palazzo Delfico.
- The majestic Cathedral of San Berardo, built in 1158 by Guido II, with inside a frontal by Nicola da Guardiagrele and 15th century polyptych
- The church of San Getulio, built in the early Middle Ages on the ruins of a Roman temple, finally destroyed in 1155 by the Normans; today only the presbyterium and some Romanesque elements can still be seen of the old architecture.
- The church of Sant'Antonio (13th century), previously San Francesco, with its fine Romanesque portal
- The church of Madonna delle Grazie (dating back to the 11th century)
- The church of San Domenico (14th century) with a fine Virgin with Child, probably by Gagliardelli
- The church of Sant'Agostino
- The church of Santo Spirito
- The church of San Benedetto, with fine paintings of the XVI-XVIII centuries
- The church of Madonna delle Grazie with a remarkable sculpture of the Virgin with child, probably by Silvestro dell'Aquila.
Events and Festivities
- Late June: Feast of Madonna delle Grazie
- Late July: "I Trionfi", a historical re-enactment with people in costume and allegorical waggons
- Late July: Sagra of ham, cheese and "casereccio" bread.
- Summer: the Teramo Literary Prize and the Interamnia Handball Cup, an international event with athletes coming from all over the world.