Silvi Marina, Province of Teramo, Abruzzo
Silvi Marina is a prominent seaside resorts in Abruzzo, with fashionable villas of the late 19th - early 20th centuries, and its liquorice manufacturing industry. Thanks to one of the most beautiful beaches of the Adriatic, as well as the many hotels and other accommodation, the town is full of tourists in summer. Just a few miles north of Pescara, the territory of Silvi extends to the south as far as the Piomba river, and to the north to the Cerrano tower, and includes the two centers of Silvi Paese or Silvi Alta, on a mountain spur overlooking the Adriatic, and Silvi Marina along the coast.
- Altitude: 5 m a.s.l
- Distance from Teramo: 47 km
- Population: ca. 13600 inhabitants
- Postal code: 64028
- Dialing Area Code: +39 085
- Frazioni: Silvi Marina, Silvi Paese, Pianacce, San Silvestre, Santo Stefano
- How to reach it: by motorway, A14 exit Pineto; by road, S.S. 16 Adriatica.
History - Antiquity
There are two hypotheses on the origin of the name Silvi; some scholars derive it from a small temple dedicated to "Silvano", an Italic god protector of flocks and shepherds; others instead from the Latin "Silva", meaning forest. In its territory remains of a Roman settlement were found. Under the Romans, the history of Silvi followed the events of nearby Atri, always faithful to the Empire Capital. After the Samnite wars the Romans started to strengthen the Adriatic coast choosing the hill in Silvi as a natural garrison on the sea.
History - the Middle Ages and Modern Times Between the 13th and 14th century AD a defence system based on day and night signals through fires and smoke was developed to face the frequent landings of Turks and pirates.
In the 14th century the medieval borough of Castrum Silvi became a fiefdom of the abbey of San Giovanni in Venere, then passed under the jurisdiction of the Acquaviva family, dukes of Atri. At the time Silvi Marina was a small poor port of fishermen, who lived in poor cabins and were almost only engaged in fishing, which at that time used to offer an exceptional variety of sea food.
Silvi remained a fiefdom of Atri until the arrival of Napoleon, who in 1806 abolished feudalism. With the Unification of Italy Silvi obtained its first mayor.
In 1863 the building of the railway station helped the development of the "Marina" of Silvi, which little by little took a different aspect, thanks mostly investments in the tourist sector. In 1931 the municipal seat was moved from Silvi Paese to Silvi Marina, which within a few years turned into an important seaside resort, becoming the administrative center of all the territory, from the coast to the surrounding hills.
What to see
- The church of San Salvatore, in Silvi Paese, with a fine bell-tower, dated 1252, was probably begun two centuries earlier.
- The Torre di Cerrano, the ancient harbour of Atri and Silvi. It developed when Atri abandoned the Vomano harbor, because the river was moving farther into the sea. The world for the harbor building began in 1256.
- Silvi Alta or Silvi Paese, a medieval borough perched on top of a hill, 250 meters above sea level, once a defense garrison against the Saracens, offers enjoy a spectacular sight on the whole Central Adriatic, sweeping from the Yugoslavian coast to Monte Conero and the Tremiti Islands.
Events and Festivities
- May-June: "Lu cencialone". This feast takes origin from a legend derived possibly from of one of the many Muslim raids. The Saracens landed at Cerrano marina, the ancient harbour serving Silvi and Atri, sacked everything, then moved towards the hill. The alarm was given by the church bells calling all the population to the defence. Before the barbarians reached the doors of the village, a courageous young man, with a big lighted torch, went out of the walls and faced them on the road. The torch light deceived the invaders who thought they were being attacked by a multitude of people; in order to keep the goods they had already sacked, they gave up the enterprise and ran away. The miracle is remembered with the celebration of the feast of the "Ciancialone".
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Genealogy and Links
Other Sections on Abruzzo
Silvi remained a fiefdom of Atri until the arrival of Napoleon, who in 1806 abolished feudalism. With the Unification of Italy Silvi obtained its first mayor. In 1863 the building of the railway station helped the development of the "Marina" of Silvi, which little by little took a different aspect, thanks mostly investments in the tourist sector. In 1931 the municipal seat was moved from Silvi Paese to Silvi Marina, which within a few years turned into an important seaside resort, becoming the administrative center of all the territory, from the coast to the surrounding hills.
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