In 703 the three Lombard brothers Tato, Taso e Paldo founded the convent of San Vincenzo al Volturno. The abbey of San Vincenzo al Volturno received the territory with a donation and sent to the spot monks to build the church and the attached convent. The monks, probably, were accompanied by farmers who founded the nearby village, which from the abbey took the name of the Villa Santa Maria in Basilica. During the domination of the Franks in Italy (774-888 A.D.) Villa Santa Maria continued to be part of the dukedom of Benevento, and was later included into the dukedom of Spoleto.
About 930, a powerful family of Frankish origin settled in Abruzzo and gave rise to the Borrello dynasty who became lords of a vast feudal dominion. The lands of those nobles went as far as Molise and Chieti, the middle Sangro area and the Trigno valley. This territory took the name of "stato Burrellense" and included also Villa Santa Maria.